3P Logistics

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International Projects

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Multimodal Transport Options

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Gulfwide Transport & Logistics

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Re-export Value Addition

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Ship Brokers

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Air Charters

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Dedicated Outsource Options

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Technical resource


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a

3P Logistics

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a

3P Logistics

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a

3P Logistics

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a

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a

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3P Logistics

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3P Logistics

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3P Logistics

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3P Logistics

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3P Logistics

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3P Logistics

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3P Logistics

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3P Logistics

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ICC Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 500)

Contents of the Extracts of UCP 500

Please note that the title or classification on the heading of each Article is for reference as to intent and purpose. It is not to be construed as being other than solely for the benefit or guidance and there should be no legal imputation.

A. General Provisions and Definitions.
B. Form and Notification of Credits
C. Liabilities and Responsibilities
D. Documents
E. Miscellaneous Provisions
F. Transferable Credit
G. Assignment of Proceeds
 

 

A. General Provisions and Definitions

Article 1: Application of UCP
.
The uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits, 1993 Revision, ICC Publication No 500, shall apply to all Documentary Credits (including to the extent to which they may be applicable, Standby Letter(s) of Credit) where they are incorporated into the text of the Credit. They are binding on all parties thereto, unless otherwise expressly stipulated in the Credit.

Article 2: Meaning of Credit
.
For the purpose of these Articles, the expressions “Documentary Credit (s)” and “Standby Letter(s) of Credit” (hereinafter referred to as “Credit(s)”), mean any arrangement, however named or described, whereby a bank (the “Issuing Bank”) acting at the request and on the instructions of a customer (the “Applicant”) or on its own behalf,
.
i. Is to make a payment to or to the order of a third party ( the “ Beneficiary” ), or is to accept and pay bills of exchange ( Draft(s) ) drawn by the Beneficiary,
or
ii. Authorizes another bank to effect such payment, or to accept and pay such bills of exchange (Draft(s) ),
or
iii. Authorizes another bank to negotiate.

Against stipulated document(s), provided that the terms and conditions of the Credit are complied with.
.
For the purpose of these Articles, branches of a bank in different countries are considered another bank.

Article 3: Credits vs. Contracts
.
a. Credits, by their nature, are separate transactions from the sales or other contract(s) on which they may be based and banks are in no way concerned with or bound by such contact(s), even if any reference whatsoever to such contract(s) is included in the Credit. Consequently, the undertaking of a bank to pay, accept and pay Draft(s) or negotiate and / or to fulfill any other obligation under the Credit, is not subject to claims or defenses by the Applicant resulting from his relationships with the Issuing Bank or the Beneficiary.
b. A Beneficiary can in no case avail himself of the contractual relationships existing between the banks or between the Applicant and the Issuing Bank.

Article 4: Documents vs. Goods / Services /Performances
.
In Credit operations all parties concerned deal with documents, and not with goods, services and / or other performances to which the documents may relate.

Article 5: Instructions to Issue / Amend Credits
.
a.

Instructions for the issuance of a Credit, the Credit itself, instructions for an amendment thereto, and the amendment itself, must be complete and precise. In order to guard against confusion and misunderstanding, banks should discourage any attempt:

  i.

to include excessive detail in the Credit or in any amendment thereto;

  ii.

to give instructions to issue, advise or confirm a Credit by reference to a Credit previously issued ( similar Credit ) where such previous Credit has been subject to accepted amendment(s), and / or unaccepted amendment(s).

b.

All instructions for the issuance of a Credit and the Credit itself and, where applicable, all instructions for an amendment thereto and the amendment itself, must state precisely the document(s) against which payment, acceptance or negotiation is to be made.

TOP
 

B. Form and Notification of Credits

Article 6: Revocable Vs. Irrevocable Credits
.

a.

A Credit may be either
 

i.

revocable,
 

or

 
 

ii.

irrevocable.
b. The Credit, therefore, should clearly indicate whether it is revocable or irrevocable.
c. In the absence of such indication the Credit shall be deemed to be irrevocable.

Article 7: Advising Bank’s Liability
.
a. A credit may be advised to a Beneficiary through another bank ( the “Advising Bank”) without engagement on the part of the Advising Bank, but that bank, if it elects to advise the Credit, shall take reasonable care to check the apparent authenticity of the Credit which it advises. If the bank elects not to advise the Credit, it must so inform the Issuing Bank without delay.
b. If the Advising Bank cannot establish such apparent authenticity it must inform, without delay, the bank from which the instructions appear to have been received that it has been unable to establish the authenticity of the Credit and if it elects nonetheless to advise the Credit it must inform the Beneficiary that it has not been able to establish the authenticity of the Credit.

Article 8: Revocation of a Credit
.
a. A revocable Credit may be amended or cancelled by the Issuing Bank at any moment and without prior notice to the Beneficiary.
b. However, the Issuing Bank must:
  i. reimburse another bank with which a revocable Credit has been made available for sight payment, acceptance or negotiation – for any payment, acceptance or negotiation made by such bank – prior to receipt by it of notice of amendment or cancellation, against documents which appear on their face to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit;
  ii. reimburse another bank with which a revocable Credit has been made available for deferred payment, if such a bank has, prior to receipt by it of notice of amendment or cancellation, taken up documents which appear on their face to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit.

Article 9: Liability of Issuing and Confirming Banks
.
a.

An Irrevocable Credit constitutes a definite undertaking of the Issuing Bank, provided that the stipulated documents are presented to the Nominated Bank or to the Issuing Bank and that the terms and conditions of the Credit are complied with:

  i.

if the Credit provides for sight payment – to pay at sight;

  ii.

if the Credit provides for deferred payment – to pay on the maturity date(s) determinable in accordance with the stipulations of the Credit;

  iii.

if the Credit provides for acceptance:

   

a.

by the Issuing Bank – to accept Draft(s) drawn by the Beneficiary on the Issuing Bank and pay them at maturity,

   

or

   

b.

by another drawee bank – to accept and pay at maturity Draft(s) drawn by the Beneficiary on the Confirming Bank, in the event the drawee bank stipulated in the Credit does not accept Draft(s) drawn on it, or to pay Draft(s) accepted but not paid by such drawee bank at maturity;

  iv.

if the Credit provides for negotiation – to negotiate without recourse to drawers and / or bona fide holders, Draft(s) drawn by the Beneficiary and / or document(s) presented under the Credit. A Credit should not be issued available by Draft(s) on the Applicant. If the Credit nevertheless calls for Draft(s) on the Applicant, banks will consider such Draft(s) as an additional document(s).

b.

A confirmation of an irrevocable Credit by another bank (the “ Confirming Bank”) upon the authorization or request of the Issuing Bank, constitutes a definite undertaking of the Confirming Bank, in addition to that of the Issuing Bank, provided that the stipulated documents are presented to the Confirming Bank or to an other Nominated Bank and that the terms and conditions of the Credit are complied with:

  i.

if the Credit provides for sight payment – to pay at sight;

  ii.

if the Credit provides for deferred payment – to pay on the maturity date(s) determinable in accordance with the stipulations of the Credit;

  iii.

if the Credit provides for acceptance:

   

a.

by the Confirming Bank – to accept Draft(s) drawn by the Beneficiary on the Confirming Bank and pay them at maturity,

   

or

   

b.

by another drawee bank – to accept and pay at maturity Draft(s) drawn by the Beneficiary on the Confirming Bank , in the event the drawee bank stipulated in the Credit does not accept Draft(s) drawn to it, or to pay Draft(s) accepted but not paid by such drawee bank at maturity;

  iv.

if the credit provides for negotiation – to negotiate without recourse to drawers and / or bona fide holders, Draft(s) drawn by the Beneficiary and or document(s) presented under the Credit. A Credit should not be issued available by Draft(s) on the Applicant. If the Credit nevertheless calls for Draft(s) on the Applicant, banks will consider such Draft(s) as an additional document(s).

c.    
  i.

If another bank is authorized or requested by the Issuing Bank to add its confirmation to a Credit but is not prepared to do so, it must so inform the Issuing Bank without delay.

  ii.

Unless the Issuing Bank specifies otherwise in its authorization or request to add confirmation, the Advising Bank may advise the Credit to the Beneficiary without adding its confirmation.

d.      
  i.

Except as otherwise provided by Article 48, an irrevocable Credit can neither be amended nor cancelled without the agreement of the Issuing Bank, the Confirming Bank, if any, and the Beneficiary.

  ii.

The Issuing Bank shall be irrevocably bound by an amendment(s) issued by it from the time of the issuance of such amendment(s). A Confirming Bank may extend its confirmation to an amendment and shall be irrevocably bound as of the time of its advice of the amendment. A Confirming Bank may, however, choose to advise an amendment to the Beneficiary without extending its confirmation and if so, must inform the Issuing Bank and the Beneficiary without delay.

  iii.

The terms of the original Credit ( or a Credit incorporating previously accepted amendment(s) will remain in force for the Beneficiary until the Beneficiary communicates his acceptance of the amendment to the bank that advised such amendment. The Beneficiary should give notification of acceptance or rejection of amendment(s). If the Beneficiary fails to give such notification, the tender of documents to the Nominated Bank or Issuing Bank, that conform to the Credit and to not yet accepted amendment(s), will be deemed to be notification of acceptance by the Beneficiary of such amendment(s) and as of that moment the Credit will be amended.

  iv.

Partial acceptance of amendments contained in one and the same advice of amendment is not allowed and consequently will not be given any effect.

Article 10: Types of Credit
.

a.

All Credits must clearly indicate whether they are available by sight payment, by deferent payment, by acceptance or by negotiation.

 

i.

Unless the Credit stipulates that it is available only with the Issuing Bank, all Credits must nominate the bank (the “ Nominating Bank”), which is authorized to pay, to incur a deferred payment undertaking, to accept Draft(s) or to negotiate. In a freely negotiable Credit, any bank is a Nominated Bank. Presentation of documents must be made to the Issuing Bank or the Confirming Bank, if any, or any other Nominated Bank.

 

ii.

Negotiation means the giving of value for Draft(s) and / or document(s) by the bank authorized to negotiate. Mere examination of the documents without giving of value does not constitute a negotiation.

b.

Unless the Nominated Bank is the Confirming Bank, nomination by the Issuing Bank does not constitute any undertaking by the Nominated Bank to pay, to incur a deferred payment undertaking, to accept Draft(s), or to negotiate. Except where expressly agreed to by the Nominated Bank and so agreed to by the Nominated Bank and so communicate to the Beneficiary, the Nominated Bank’s receipt of and / or examination and / or forwarding of the documents does not make that bank liable to pay, to incur a deferred payment undertaking, to accept Draft9s), or to negotiate.

c.

By nominating another bank, or by allowing for negotiation by any bank, or by authorizing or requesting another bank to add its confirmation, the Issuing Bank authorizes such bank to pay, accept Draft(s) or negotiate as the case may be, against documents which appear on their face to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit and undertakes to reimburse such bank in accordance with the provisions of these Articles.

Artcile 11: Teletransmitted and Pre-Advised Credits
.

a.

   
  i.

When an Issuing Bank instructs an Advising Bank by an authenticated teletransmission to advise a Credit or an amendment to a Credit, the teletransmission will be deemed to be the operative Credit instrument or the operative amendment, and no mail confirmation should be sent. Should a mail confirmation nevertheless be sent, it will have no effect and the Advising Bank will have no obligation to check such mail confirmation against the operative Credit instrument or the operative amendment received by teletransmission.

  ii.

If the teletransmission statues “ full details to follow” ( or words of similar effect) or states that the mail confirmation is to be the operative Credit instrument or the operative amendment, then the teletransmission will not be deemed to be the operative Credit instrument or the operative amendment. The Issuing Bank must forward the operative Credit instrument or the operative amendment to such Advising Bank without delay.

b.

If a bank uses the services of an Advising Bank to have the Credit advised to the Beneficiary, it must also use the services of the same bank for advising an amendment(s).

c.

A preliminary advise of the issuance or amendment of an irrevocable Credit (pre-advice), shall only be given by an Issuing Bank if such bank is prepared to issue the operative Credit instrument or the operative amendment thereto. Unless otherwise stated in such preliminary advice by the Issuing Bank, an Issuing Bank having given such pre-advice shall be irrevocably committed to issue or amend the Credit, in terms not inconsistent with the pre-advice, without delay.

Article 12: Incomplete or Unclear Instructions
.
If incomplete or unclear instructions are received to advise, confirm or amend a Credit, the bank requested to act on such instructions may give preliminary notification to the Beneficiary for information only and without responsibility. This preliminary notification should state clearly that the notification is provided for information only and without the responsibility of the Advising Bank. In any event, the Advising Bank must inform the Issuing Bank of the action taken and request it to provide the necessary information.
.
The Issuing Bank must provide the necessary information without delay. The Credit will be advised , confirmed or amended, only when complete and clear instructions have been received and if the Advising Bank is then prepared to act on the instructions.

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C. Liabilities and Responsibilities

Article 13: Standard for Examination of Documents
.
a.

Banks must examine all documents stipulated in the Credit with reasonable care, to ascertain whether or not they appear, on their face, to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit. Compliance of the stipulated documents on their face with the terms and conditions of the Credit, shall be determined by international standard banking practice as reflected in these Articles. Documents which appear on their face to be inconsistent with one another will be considered as not appearing on the their face to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit.
.
Documents not stipulated in the Credit will not be examined by banks, If they receive such documents, they shall return them to the presenter or pass them on without responsibility.

b.

The Issuing Bank, the Confirming Bank, if any, or a Nominated Bank acting on their behalf , shall each have a reasonable time, not to exceed seven banking days following the day of receipt of the documents, to examine the documents and determine whether to take up or refuse the documents and to inform the party from which it received the documents accordingly.

c.

If a Credit contains conditions without stating the document(s) to be presented in compliance therewith, banks will deem such conditions as not stated and will disregard them.

Article 14: Discrepant Documents and Notice
.
a.

When the Issuing Bank authorizes another bank to pay, incur a deferred payment undertaking, accept Draft (s), or negotiate against documents which appear on their face to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit, the Issuing Bank and the Confirming Bank, if any, are bound:

  i.

to reimburse the Nominated Bank which has paid, incurred a deferred payment undertaking, accept Draft(s), or negotiated.

  ii.

to take up the documents.

b.

Upon receipt of the documents the Issuing Bank and/ or Confirming Bank, if any, or a Nominated Bank acting on their behalf, must determine on the basis of the documents alone whether or not they appear on their face to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit. If the documents appear on their face not to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit, such banks may be refuse to take up the documents.

c.

If the Issuing Bank determines that the documents appear on their face not to be in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit, it may in its sole judgement approach the Applicant for a waiver of the discrepancy(ies). This does not, however, extend the period mentioned in sub-Article 13(b).’

d.    
  i.

If the Issuing Bank and/or Confirming Bank, if any, or a Nominated Bank acting on their behalf, decides to refuse the documents, it must give notice to that effect by telecommunication or , if that is not possible, by other expeditious means, without delay but no later than the close of the seventh banking day following the day of receipt of the documents. Such notice shall be given to the bank from which it received the documents, or to the Beneficiary, if it received the documents directly from him.

  ii.

Such notice must state all discrepancies in respect of which the bank refuses the documents and must also state whether it is holding the documents at the disposal of, or is returning them to, the presenter.

  iii.

The Issuing Bank and /or Confirming Bank, if any, shall then be entitled to claim from the remitting bank refund, with interest, of any reimbursement which has been made to that bank.

e.

If the Issuing Bank and/or Confirming Bank, if any, fails to act in accordance with the provisions of this Article and / or fails to hold the documents at the disposal of , or return them to the presenter, the Issuing Bank and / or Confirming Bank, if any, shall be precluded from claiming that the documents are not in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit.

f.

If the remitting bank draws the attention of the Issuing Bank and /or Confirming Bank, if any, to any discrepancy(ies) in the document(s) or advises such banks that it has paid, incurred a deferred payment undertaking, accepted Draft(s) or negotiated under reserve or against an indemnity in respect of such discrepancy(ies), the Issuing Bank and /or Conforming Bank, if any, shall not be thereby relieved from any of their obligations under any provision of this Article. Such reserve or indemnity concerns only the relations between the remitting bank and the party towards whom the reserve was made, or from whom, or on whose behalf, the indemnity was obtained.

Article 15: Disclaimer on Effectiveness of Documents
.
Banks assume no liability or responsibility for the form, sufficiency, accuracy, genuineness, falsification or legal effect of any document(s) , or for the general and / or particular conditions stipulated in the document(s) or superimposed thereon; nor do they assume any liability or responsibility for the description, quantity, weight, quality, condition, packing, delivery, value or existence of the goods represented by an document(s), or for the good faith or acts and / or omissions, solvency, performance or standing of the consignors, the carriers, the forwarders, the consignees or the insurers of the goods, or any other person whomsoever.

Article 16: Disclaimer on the Transmission of Messages
.
Banks assume no liability or responsibility for the consequences arising out of delay and / or loss in transit of any message(s), letter(s) or document(s), or for delay, mutilation or other error(s) arising in the transmission of any telecommunication. Banks assume no liability or responsibility for errors in translation and / or interpretation of technical terms, and reserve the right to transmit Credit terms without translating them.

Article 17: Force Majeure
.
Banks assume no liability or responsibility for the consequences arising out of the interruption of their business by Acts of God, riots, civil commotions, insurrections, wars or any other causes beyond their control, or by any strikes or lockouts. Unless specifically authorized, banks will not, upon resumption of their business, pay, incur a deferred payment undertaking, accept Draft(s) or negotiate under Credits which expired during such interruption of their business.

Article 18: Disclaimer for Acts of an Instructed Party
.
a.

Banks utilizing the services of another bank or other banks for the purpose of giving effect to the instructions of the Applicant do so for the account and at the risk of such Applicant.

b.

Banks assume no liability or responsibility should the instructions they transmit not be carried out, even if they have themselves taken the initiative in the choice of such other bank(s).

c.

   
  i.

A party instructing another party to perform services is liable for any charges, including commissions, fees, costs or expenses incurred by the instructed party in connection with its instructions.

  ii.

Where a Credit stipulates that such charges are for the account of a party other than the instructing party, and charges cannot be collected, the instructing party remains ultimately liable for the payment thereof.

d.

The Applicant shall be bound by and liable to indemnify the banks against all obligations and responsibilities imposed by foreign laws and usages.

Article 19: Bank-to-Bank Reimbursement Arrangements
.
a.

If an Issuing Bank intends that the reimbursement to which a paying, accepting or negotiating bank is entitled, shall be obtained by such bank( the “ Claiming Bank”), claiming on another party ( the “ Reimbursing Bank”), it shall provide such Reimbursing Bank in good time with the proper instructions or authorization to honour such reimbursement claims.

b.

Issuing Banks shall not require a Claiming Bank to supply a certificate of compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit to the Reimbursing Bank.

c.

An Issuing Bank shall not be relieved from any of its obligations to provide reimbursement if and when reimbursement is not received by the Claiming Bank from the Reimbursing Bank.

d.

The Issuing Bank shall be responsible to the Claiming Bank for any loss of interest if reimbursement is not provided by the Reimbursing Bank on first demand, or as otherwise specified in the Credit, or mutually agreed, as the case may be.

e.

The Reimbursing Bank’s charges should be for the account of the Issuing Bank. However, in cases where the charges are for the account of another party, it is the responsibility of the Issuing Bank to so indicate in the original Credit and in the reimbursement authorization. In cases where the Reimbursing Bank’s charges are for the account of another party they shall be collected from the Claiming Bank when the Credit is drawn under. In cases where the Credit is not drawn under, the Reimbursing Bank’s charges remain the obligation of the Issuing Bank.

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D. Documents

Article 20: Ambiguity as to the Issuers of Documents
.
a.

Terms such as “first class”, “well known”, “qualified”, “ independent”, “official”, “competent”, “local” and the like, shall not be used to describe the issuers of any document(s) to be presented under a Credit.If such terms are incorporated in the Credit, banks will accept the relative document(s) as presented, provided that it appears on it face to be in compliance with the other terms and conditions of the Credit and not to have been issued by the Beneficiary.

b.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks will also accept as an original document(s), a document(s) produced or appearing to have been produced:

  i.

by reprographic, automated or computerized systems;

  ii.

as carbon copies; provided that it is marked as original and, where necessary, appears to be signed.
.
A document may be signed by handwriting, by facsimile signature, by perforated signature, by stamp, by symbol, or by any other mechanical or electronic method of authentication.

c.    
  i.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks will accept as a copy (s), a document(s) either labeled copy or not marked as an original – a copy (ies) need not be signed.

  ii.

Credits that require multiple document(s) such as “duplicate”, “two fold”, “two copies” and the like, will be satisfied by the presentation of one original and the remaining number of copies except where the document itself indicates otherwise.

d.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, a condition under a Credit calling for a document to be authenticated, validated, legalized, visaed, certified or indicating a similar requirement, will be satisfied by an signature, mark, stamp or label on such document that on its face appears to satisfy the above condition.

Article 21: Unspecified Issuers or Contents of Documents
.
When documents other than transport documents, insurance documents and commercial invoices are called for, the Credit should stipulate by whom such documents are to be issued and their wording or data content. If the Credit does not so stipulate, banks will accept such documents as presented, provided that their data content is not inconsistent with any other stipulated document presented.

Article 22: Issuance Date of Documents v. Credit Date
.
Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks will accept a document bearing a date of issuance prior to that of the Credit, subject to such document being presented within the time limits set out in the Credit and in these Articles.

Article 22: Marine / Ocean Bill of Lading
.

a.

If a Credit calls for a bill of lading covering a port-to-port shipment, banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a document, however named, which:

 

i.

appears on its face to indicate the name of the carrier and to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by:

   

::

the carrier or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier,

or

   

::

the master or a named agent for or on behalf of the master.

     

Any signature or authentication of the carrier or master must be identified as carrier or master, as the case may be. An agent signing or authenticating for the carrier or master must also indicate the name and the capacity of the party, i.e. carrier or master, on whose behalf that agent is acting,

and

 

ii.

indicates that the goods have been loaded on board, or shipped on a named vessel.
.
Loading on board or shipment on a named vessel may be indicated by pre-printed wording in the bill of lading that the goods have been loaded on board a named vessel or shipped on a named vessel, in which case the date of issuance of the bill of lading will be deemed to be the date of loading on board and the date of shipment.
.
If the bill of lading contains the indication “ intended vessel” , or similar qualification in relation to the vessel, loading on board a named vessel must be evidenced by an on board notation on the bill of lading which, in addition to the date on which the goods have been loaded on board, also includes the name of the vessel on which the goods have been loaded, even if they have been loaded on the vessel named as the “ intended vessel”.
.
If the bill of lading indicates a place of receipt or taking in charge different from the port of loading, the on board notation must also include the port of loading stipulated in the Credit and the name of the vessel on which the goods have been loaded, even if they have been loaded on the vessel named in the bill of lading. This provision also applies whenever loading on board the vessel is indicated by pre-printed wording on the bill of lading,

and

 

iii.

indicates the port of loading and the port of discharge stipulated in the Credit, notwithstanding that it:

   

a.

indicates a place of taking in charge different from the port of loading, and / or a place of final destination different from the port of discharge.

and / or

   

b.

contains the indication “ intended “ or similar qualification in relation to the port of loading and / or port of discharge, as long as the document also states the ports of loading and / or discharge stipulated in the Credit,

and

 

iv.

consists of a sole original bill of lading or, if issued in more than one original, the full set as so issued,

and

 

v.

appears to contain all of the terms and conditions of carriage, or some of such terms and conditions by reference to a source or document other than the bill of lading ( short form / blank back bill of lading ); banks will not examine the contents of such terms and conditions.

and

 

vi.

contains no indication that it is subject to a charter party and / or no indication that the carrying vessel is propelled by sail only,

and

 

vii.

in all other respects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

b.

For the purpose of this Article, transshipment means unloading and reloading from one vessel to another vessel during the course of ocean carriage from the port of loading to the port of discharge stipulated in the Credit.

c.

Unless transshipment is prohibited by the terms of the Credit, banks will accept a bill of lading which indicates that the goods will be transshipped, provided that the entire ocean carriage is covered by one and the same bill of lading.

d.

Even if the Credit prohibits transshipment, banks will accept a bill of lading which:

 

i.

indicates that transshipment will take place as long as the relevant cargo is shipped in Container(s), Trailer(s) and / or “LASH” barge(s) as evidenced by the bill of lading, provided that the entire ocean carriage is covered by one and the same bill of lading,

and / or

 

ii.

incorporates clauses stating that the carrier reserves the right to transship.

Article 24: Non-Negotiable Sea Waybill
.

a.

If a Credit calls for a bill of lading covering a port-to-port shipment, banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a document, however named, which:

 

i.

appears on its face to indicate the name of the carrier and to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by:

   

::

the carrier or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier,

or

   

::

the master or a named agent for or on behalf of the master.

     

Any signature or authentication of the carrier or master must be identified as carrier or master, as the case may be. An agent signing or authenticating for the carrier or master must also indicate the name and the capacity of the party, i.e. carrier or master, on whose behalf that agent is acting,

and

 

ii.

indicates that the goods have been loaded on board, or shipped on a named vessel.
.
Loading on board or shipment on a named vessel may be indicated by pre-printed wording in the bill of lading that the goods have been loaded on board a named vessel or shipped on a named vessel, in which case the date of issuance of the bill of lading will be deemed to be the date of loading on board and the date of shipment.
.
If the bill of lading contains the indication “ intended vessel” , or similar qualification in relation to the vessel, loading on board a named vessel must be evidenced by an on board notation on the bill of lading which, in addition to the date on which the goods have been loaded on board, also includes the name of the vessel on which the goods have been loaded, even if they have been loaded on the vessel named as the “ intended vessel”.
.
If the bill of lading indicates a place of receipt or taking in charge different from the port of loading, the on board notation must also include the port of loading stipulated in the Credit and the name of the vessel on which the goods have been loaded, even if they have been loaded on the vessel named in the bill of lading. This provision also applies whenever loading on board the vessel is indicated by pre-printed wording on the bill of lading,

and

 

iii.

indicates the port of loading and the port of discharge stipulated in the Credit, notwithstanding that it:

   

a.

indicates a place of taking in charge different from the port of loading, and / or a place of final destination different from the port of discharge.

and / or

   

b.

contains the indication “ intended “ or similar qualification in relation to the port of loading and / or port of discharge, as long as the document also states the ports of loading and / or discharge stipulated in the Credit,

and

 

iv.

consists of a sole original bill of lading or, if issued in more than one original, the full set as so issued,

and

 

v.

appears to contain all of the terms and conditions of carriage, or some of such terms and conditions by reference to a source or document other than the bill of lading ( short form / blank back bill of lading ); banks will not examine the contents of such terms and conditions.

and

 

vi.

contains no indication that it is subject to a charter party and / or no indication that the carrying vessel is propelled by sail only,

and

 

vii.

in all other respects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

b.

For the purpose of this Article, transshipment means unloading and reloading from one vessel to another vessel during the course of ocean carriage from the port of loading to the port of discharge stipulated in the Credit.

c.

Unless transshipment is prohibited by the terms of the Credit, banks will accept a bill of lading which indicates that the goods will be transshipped, provided that the entire ocean carriage is covered by one and the same bill of lading.

d.

Even if the Credit prohibits transshipment, banks will accept a bill of lading which:

 

i.

indicates that transshipment will take place as long as the relevant cargo is shipped in Container(s), Trailer(s) and / or “LASH” barge(s) as evidenced by the bill of lading, provided that the entire ocean carriage is covered by one and the same bill of lading,

and / or

 

ii.

incorporates clauses stating that the carrier reserves the right to transship.

Article 25: Charter Party Bill of Lading
.

a.

If a Credit calls for or permits a charter party bill of lading, banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a document, however named, which:

  i.

Contains any indication that it is subject to a charter party,

  ii.

appears on its face to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by:

   

::

the master or a named agent for or on behalf of the master,

or

   

::

the owner or a named agent for or on behalf of the owner.

   

Any signature or authentication of the master or owner must be identified as master or owner as the case may be. An agent signing or authenticating for the master or owner must also indicate the name and the capacity of the party, i.e. master or owner, on whose behalf that agent is acting.

and

  iii.

does or does not indicate the name of the carrier,

and

  iv.

indicates that the goods have been loaded on board or shipped on a named vessel.

   

Loading on board or shipment on a named vessel may be indicated by pre-printed wording on the bill of lading that the goods have been loaded on board a named vessel or shipped on a named vessel, in which case the date of issuance of the bill of lading will be deemed to be the date of loading on board and the date of shipment.
.
In all other cases loading on board a named vessel must be evidenced by a notation on the bill of lading which gives the date on which the goods have been loaded on board, in which case the date of the on board notation will be deemed to be the date of shipment.

and

  v.

indicates the port of loading and the port of discharge stipulated in the Credit.

and

  vi.

consists of a sole original bill of lading or, if issued in more than one Original, the full set as so issued.

and

  vii.

contains no indication that the carrying vessel is propelled by sail only,

and

 

viii.

in all other aspects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

b.

Even if the Credit requires the presentation of a charter party contract in connection with a charter party bill of lading, banks will not examine such charter party contract, but will pass it on without responsibility on their part.

Article 26: Multimodal Transport Document
.

a.

If a Credit calls for a transport document covering at least two different modes of transport (multimodal transport), banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a document, however named, which:

 

i.

appears on its face to indicate the name of the carrier or multimodal transport operator and to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by:

   

::

the carrier or multimodal transport operator or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier or multimodal transport operator,

or

   

::

the master or a named agent for or on behalf of the master.

   

Any signature or authentication of the carrier, multimodal transport operator or master must be identified as carrier, multimodal transport operator or master, as the case may be. An agent signing or authenticating for the carrier, multimodal transport operator or master must also indicate the name and the capacity of the party, i.e. carrier, multimodal transport operator or master, on whose behalf that agent is acting,

and

 

ii.

indicates that the goods have been dispatched, taken in charge or loaded on board.
.
Dispatch, taking in charge or loading on board may be indicated by wording to that effect on the multimodal transport document and the date of issuance will be deemed to be the date of dispatch, taking in charge or loading on board and the date of shipment. However, if the document indicates, by stamp or otherwise, a date of dispatch, taking in charge or loading on board, such date will be deemed to be the date of shipment.

and

 

iii.

a. indicates the place of taking in charge stipulated in the Credit which may be different from the port, airport or place of loading, and the place of final destination stipulated in the Credit which may be different from the port, airport or place of discharge,

and/or

   

b.

contains the indication “ intended” or similar qualification in relation to the vessel and / or port of loading and / or port of discharge,

and

 

iv.

consists of a sole original multimodal transport document or , if issued in more than one original, the full set as so issued,

and

 

v.

appears to contain all of the terms and conditions of carriage, or some of such terms and conditions by reference to a source or document other than the multimodal transport document (short form / blank back multimodal transport document); banks will not examine the contents of such terms and conditions,

and

 

vi.

contains no indication that it is subject to a charter party and / or no indication that the carrying vessel is propelled by sail only.

and

 

vii.

in all other respects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

b.

Even if the Credit prohibits transshipment, banks will accept a multimodal transport document which indicates that transshipment will or may take place, provided that the entire carriage is covered by one and the same multimodal transport document.

Article 27: Air Transport Document
.

a.

If a Credit calls for an air transport document, banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a document, however named, with:

 

i.

appears on its face to indicate the name of the carrier and to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by:

   

::

the carrier

or

   

::

a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier.

   

Any signature or authentication of the carrier must be identified as carrier. An agent signing or authenticating for the carrier must also indicate the name and the capacity of the party, i.e. carrier, on whose behalf that agent is acting.

and

 

ii.

indicates that the goods have been accepted for carriage,

and

 

iii.

where the Credit calls for an actual date of dispatch, indicates a specific notation of such date, the date of dispatch so indicated on the air transport document will be deemed to be the date of shipment.
.
For the purpose of this Article, the information appearing in the box on the air transport document (marked “ For Carrier Use Only” or similar expression) relative to the flight number and date will not be considered as a specific notation of such date of dispatch.
.
In all other cases, the date of issuance of the air transport document will b deemed to be the date of shipment,

and

 

iv.

indicates the airport of departure and the airport of destination stipulated in the Credit,

and

 

v.

appears to be the original for consignor / shipper even if the Credit stipulates a full set of originals, or similar expressions,

and

 

vi.

appears to contain all of the terms and conditions of carriage, or some of such terms and conditions, by reference to a source or document other than the air transport document; banks will not examine the contents of such terms and conditions.

and

 

vii.

in all other respects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

b.

For the purpose of this Article, transshipment means unloading and reloading from one aircraft to another aircraft during the course of carriage from the airport of departure to the airport of destination stipulated in the Credit.

c.

Even if the Credit prohibits transshipment, banks will accept an air transport document which indicates that transshipment will or may take place, provided that the entire carriage is covered by one and the same air transport document.

Article 28: Road, Rail or Inland Waterway Transport Documents
.

a.

If a Credit calls for a road, rail, or inland waterway transport document, banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a document of the type called for, however named, which:

 

i.

appears on its face to indicate the name of the carrier and to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by the carrier or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier and / or to bear a reception stamp or other indication of receipt by the carrier or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier.
.
Any signature, authentication, reception stamp or other indication of receipt of the carrier, must be identified on it s face as that of the carrier. An agent signing or authenticating for the carrier, must also indicate the name and the capacity of the party, i.e. carrier, on whose behalf that agent is acting,

and

 

ii.

indicates that the goods have been received for shipment, dispatch or carriage or wording to this effect. The date of issuance will be deemed to be the date of shipment unless the transport document contains a reception stamp, in which case the date of the reception stamp will be deemed to be the date of the shipment.

and

 

iii.

indicates the place of shipment and the place of destination stipulated in the Credit.

and

 

iv.

in all other respects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

b.

In the absence of any indication on the transport document as to the numbers issued, banks will accept the transport document(s) presented as constituting a full set. Banks will accept as original(s) the transport document(s) whether marked as original(s) or not.

c.

For the purpose of this Article, transshipment means unloading and reloading from one means of conveyance to another means of conveyance, in different modes of transport, during the course of carriage from the place of shipment to the place of the destination stipulated in the Credit.

d.

Even if the Credit prohibits transshipment, banks will accept a road, rail, or inland waterway transport document which indicates that transshipment will or may take place, provided that the entire carriage is covered by one and the same transport document and within the same mode of transport.

Article 29: Courier and Post Receipts
.

a.

If a Credit calls for a post receipt or certificate of posting, banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a post receipt or certificate of posting which:

  i.

appears on its face to have been stamped or otherwise authenticated and dated in the place from which the Credit stipulates the goods are to be shipped or dispatched and such date will be deemed to be the date of shipment or dispatch,

and

  ii.

in all other respects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

b.

If a Credit calls for a document issued by a courier or expedited delivery service evidencing receipt of the goods for delivery, banks will, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, accept a document, however named which:

 

i.

appears on its face to indicate the name of the courier/service, and to have been stamped, signed or otherwise authenticated by such named courier/service (unless the Credit specifically calls for a document issued by a name Courier / Service, banks will accept a document issued by any Courier/Service),

and

 

ii.

indicates a date of pick-up or of receipt or wording to this effect, such date being deemed to be the date of shipment or dispatch,

and

 

iii.

in all other respects meets the stipulations of the Credit.

Article 30: Transport Documents issued by Freight Forwarders
.
Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks will only accept a transport document issued by a freight forwarder if it appears on its face to indicate:
.
i.

the name of the freight forwarder as a carrier or multimodal transport operator and to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by the freight forwarder as carrier or multimodal transport operator,

or

ii.

the name of the carrier or multimodal transport operator and to have been signed or otherwise authenticated by the freight forwarder as a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier or multimodal transport operator.

Article 31: “On Deck”, “Shipper’s Load and Count”, Name of Consignor
.
Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks will accept a transport document which:
.
i.

does not indicate, in the case of carriage by sea or by more than one means of conveyance including carriage by sea, that the goods are or will be loaded on deck, Nevertheless, banks will accept a transport document which contains a provision that the goods may be carrier on deck, provided that it does not specifically state that they are or will be loaded on deck,

and/or

ii.

bears a clause on the face thereof such as “ shipper’s load and count” or “said by shipper to contain” or words of similar effect,

and/or

iii.

indicates as the consignor of the goods a party other than the Beneficiary of the Credit.

Article 32: Clean Transport Documents
.
a.

A clean transport document is one which bears no clause or notation which expressly declares a defective condition of the goods and /or the packaging.

b.

Banks will not accept transport documents bearing such clauses or notations unless the Credit expressly stipulates the clauses or notations which may be accepted.

c.

Banks will regard a requirement in a Credit for a transport document to bear the clause “clean on board” as complied with if such transport document meets the requirements of this Article and of Articles 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 or 30.

Article 33: Freight Payable / Prepaid Transport Documents
.
a.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, or inconsistent with any of the documents presented under the Credit, banks will accept transport documents stating that freight or transportation charges (hereinafter referred to as “ freight”) have still to be paid.

 
b.

If a Credit stipulates that the transport document has to indicate that freight has been paid or prepaid, banks will accept a transport document on which words clearly indicating payment or prepayment of freight appear by stamp or otherwise, or on which payment or prepayment of freight is indicated by other means. If the Credit requires courier charges to be paid or prepaid banks will also accept a transport document issued by a courier or expedited delivery service evidencing that courier charges are for the account of a party other than the consignee.

 
c.

The words “freight prepayable” or “freight to be prepaid” or words of similar effect, if appearing on transport documents, will not be accepted as constituting evidence of the payment of freight.

 

d.

Banks will accept transport documents bearing reference by stamp or otherwise to costs additional to the freight, such as costs of, or disbursements incurred in connection with, loading, unloading, or similar operations, unless the conditions of the Credit specifically prohibit such reference.

Article 34: Insurance Documents

a.

Insurance documents must appear on their face to be issued and signed by insurance companies or underwriters or their agents.

b.

If the insurance document indicates that it has been issued in more than one original, all the originals must be presented unless otherwise authorized in the Credit.

c.

Cover notes issued by brokers will not be accepted, unless specifically authorized in the credit

d.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks will accept an insurance certificate or a declaration under an open cover pre-signed by insurance companies or underwriters or their agents. If a Credit specifically calls for an insurance certificate or a declaration under an open cover, banks will accept, in lieu thereof, an insurance policy.

e.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, or unless it appears from the insurance document that the cover is effective at the latest from the date of loading on board or dispatch or taking in charge of the goods, banks will not accept an insurance document which bears a date of issuance later than the date of loading on board or dispatch or taking in charge as indicated in such transport document.

f.    
  i.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, the insurance document must be expressed in the same currency as the Credit.

  ii.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, the minimum amount for which the insurance document must indicate the insurance cover to have been effected is the CIF (cost, insurance and freight (… “named port of destination”)) or CIP (carriage and insurance paid to (…”named place of destination”)) value of the goods, as the case may be, plus 10%, but only when the CIF or CIP value can be determined from the documents on their face. Otherwise, banks will accept as such minimum amount 110% of the amount for which payment, acceptance or negotiation is requested under the Credit, or 110% of the gross amount of the invoice, whichever is the greater.

Article 35: Type of Insurance cover
.
a.

Credits should stipulate the type of insurance required and, if any, the additional risks which are to be covered. Imprecise terms such as” usual risk” or “ customary risks” shall not be used; if they are used, banks will accept insurance documents as presented, without responsibility for any risk not being covered.

b.

Failing specific stipulations in the Credit, banks will accept insurance documents as presented, without responsibility for any risks not being covered.

c.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks will accept an insurance document which indicates that the cover is subject to a franchise or an excess (deductible).

Article 36: All Risks Insurance Cover
.
Where a Credit stipulates “ insurance against all risks” , banks will accept an insurance document which contains any “ all risks” , even if the insurance document indicates that certain risks are excluded, without responsibility for any risk(s) not being covered.

Article 37: Commercial Invoices
.
a.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, commercial invoices;

  i.

must appear on their face to be issued by the Beneficiary name in the Credit (except as provided in Article 48),

and

  ii.

must be made out in the name of the Applicant (except as provided in sub-Article 48 (h)),

and

  iii.

need not be signed.

b.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, banks may refuse commercial invoices issued for amount in excess of the amount permitted by the Credit. Nevertheless, if a bank authorized to pay, incur a deferred payment undertaking, accept Draft(s), or negotiate under a Credit accepts such invoices, its decision will be binding upon all parties, provided that such bank has not paid, incurred a deferred payment undertaking, accepted Draft(s) or negotiated for an amount in excess of that permitted by the Credit.

c.

The description of the goods in the commercial invoice must correspond with the description in the Credit. In all other documents, the goods may be described in general terms not inconsistent with the description of the goods in the Credit.

Article 38: Other Documents.
.
If a Credit calls for an attestation or certification of weight in the case of transport other than by sea, banks will accept a weight stamp or declaration of weight which appears to have been superimposed on the transport document by the carrier or his agent unless the Credit specifically stipulates that the attestation or certification of weight must be by means of a separate document.

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E. Miscellaneous Provisions

Article 39: Allowances in Credit Amount, Quantity and Unit Price
.
a.

The words “about”, “approximately”, “circa” or similar expressions used in connection with the amount of the Credit or the quantity or the unit price stated in the Credit are to be construed as allowing a difference not to exceed 10% more or 10% less than the amount or the quantity or the unit price to which they refer.

b.

Unless a Credit stipulates that the quantity of the goods specified must not be exceeded or reduced, a tolerance of 5 % more or 5% less will be permissible, always provided that the amount of the drawings does not exceed the amount of the Credit. This tolerance does not apply when the Credit stipulates the quantity in terms of a stated number of packing units or individual items.

c.

Unless a Credit which prohibits partial shipments stipulates otherwise, or unless sub-Article(b) above is applicable, a tolerance of 5% less in the amount of the drawing will be permissible, provided that if the Credit stipulates the quantity of the goods, such quantity of goods is shipped in full, and if the Credit stipulates a unit price, such price is not reduced. This provision does not apply when expressions referred to in sub-Article (a) above are used in the Credit.

Article 40: Partial Shipments / Drawings
.
a.

Partial drawings and / or shipments are allowed, unless the Credit stipulates otherwise.

b.

Transport documents which appear on their face to indicate that shipment has been made on the same means of conveyance and for the same journey, provided they indicate the same destination, will not be regarded as covering partial shipments, even if the transport documents indicate different dates of shipment and / or different ports of loading, places of taking in charge, or dispatch.

c.

Shipments made by post or by courier will not be regarded as partial shipments if the post receipts or certificates of posting or courier’s receipts of dispatch notes appear to have been stamped, signed or otherwise authenticated in the place from which the Credit stipulates the goods are to be dispatched, and on the same date.

Article 41: Instalment Shipments / Drawings
.
If drawings and /or shipments by installments within given periods are stipulated in the Credit and any installments is not drawn and /or shipped within the period allowed for that installments, the Credit ceases to be available for that and any subsequent instalments, unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit.

Article 42: Expiry Date and Place for Presentation of Documents
.
a.

All Credits must stipulate an expiry date and a place for presentation of documents for payment, acceptance, or with the exception of freely negotiable Credits, a place for presentation of documents for negotiation. An expiry date stipulated for payment acceptance or negotiation will be construed to express an expiry date for presentation of documents.

b.

Except as provided the sub Article 44(a), documents must be presented on or before such expiry date.

c.

If an Issuing Bank states that the Credit is to be available “for one month”, “for six months”, or the like, but does not specify the date from which the time is to run, the date of issuance of the Credit by the Issuing Bank will be deemed to be the first day from which such time is to run. Banks should discourage indication of the expiry date of the Credit in this manner.

Article 43: Limitation on the Expiry Date
.
a.

In addition to stipulating an expiry date for presentation of documents, every Credit which calls for a transport document(s) should also stipulate a specified period of time after the date of shipment during which presentation must be made in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Credit. If no such period of time is stipulated, banks will not accept documents presented to them later than 21 days after the date of shipment. In any event, documents must be presented not later than the expiry date of the Credit.

b.

In cases in which sub-Article 40 (b) applies, the date of shipment will be considered to be the latest shipment date on any of the transport documents presented.

Article 44: Extension of Expiry Date
.
a.

If the expiry date of the Credit and / or the last day of the period of time for presentation of documents stipulated by the Credit or applicable by virtue of Article 43 falls on a day on which the bank to which presentation has to be made is closed for reasons other than those referred to in Article 17, the stipulated expiry date and / or the last day of the period of time after the date of shipment for presentation of documents, as the case may be, shall be extended to the first following day on which such bank is open.

b.

the latest date for shipment shall not be extended by reason of the extension of the expiry date and / or the period of time after the date of shipment for presentation of documents in accordance with sub Article (a) above. If no such latest date for shipment is stipulated in the Credit or amendments thereto, banks will not accept transport documents indicating a date of shipment later than the expiry date stipulated in the Credit or amendments thereto.

c.

The bank to which presentation is made on such first following business day must provide a statement that the documents were presented within the time limits extended in accordance with sub-Article 44(a) of the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits, 1993 Revision, ICC Publicatoin No.500.

Article 45: Hours of Presentation
.
Banks are under no obligation to accept presentation of documents outside their banking hours.

Article 46: General Expressions as to Dates for Shipment
.
a.

Unless otherwise stipulated in the Credit, the expression “shipment” used in stipulating an earliest and / or a latest date for shipment will be understood to include expressions such as, “loading on board”, “dispatch”, “accepted for carriage”, “date of post receipt”, “date of pick-up”, and the like, and in the case of a Credit calling for a multimodal transport document the expression” taking in charge”.

b.

Expressions such as “prompt”, “immediately” , “as soon as possible”, and the like should not be used. If they are used banks will disregard them.

c.

If the expression “on or about” or similar expressions are used, banks will interpret them as a stipulation that shipment is to be made during the period from five days before to five days after the specified date, both end days included.

Article 47: Date Terminology for Periods of Shipment
.
a.

The words “to”, “until”, “from” and words of similar import applying to any date or period in the Credit referring to shipment will be understood to include the date mentioned.

b.

The word “after” will be understood to exclude the date mentioned.

c.

The terms “first half”, “second half” of a month shall be construed respectively as the 1st to the 15th, and the 16th to the last day of such month, all dates inclusive.

d.

The terms “beginning”, “middle”, or “end” of a month shall be construed respectively as the 1st to the 10th, 11th to the 20th, and the 21st to the last day of such month, all dates inclusive.

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F. Transferable Credit

Article 48: Transferable Credit
.
a.

A transferable Credit is a Credit under which the Beneficiary (First Beneficiary) may request the bank authorized to pay, incur a deferred payment undertaking, accept or negotiate (the “Transferring Bank”) or in the case of a freely negotiable Credit, the bank specifically authorized in the Credit as a Transferring Bank, to make the Credit available in whole or in part to one or more other Beneficiary (ies) (Second Beneficiary (ies)).

b.

A Credit can be transferred only if it is expressly designated as “transferable” by the Issuing Bank. Terms such as “divisible”, “fractionable” , “assignable”, and “transmissible “ do not render the Credit transferable. If such terms are used they shall be disregarded.

c.

The Transferring Bank shall be under no obligation to effect such transfer except to the extent and in the manner expressly consented to by such bank.

d.

At the time of making a request for transfer and prior to transfer of the Credit, the First Beneficiary must irrevocably instruct the Transferring Bank whether or not he retains the right to refuse to allow the Transferring Bank to advise amendments to the Second Beneficiary (ies). If the Transferring Bank consents to the transfer under these conditions, it must, at the time of transfer, advise the Second Beneficiary (ies) of the First Beneficiary’s instructions regarding amendments.

e.

If a Credit is transferred to more than one Second Beneficiary (ies), refusal of an amendment by one or more Second Beneficiary (ies) does not invalidate the acceptance(s) by the other Second Beneficiary (ies) with respect to whom the Credit will be amended accordingly. With regard to the Second Beneficiary (ies) who rejected the amendment, the Credit will remain unamended.

f.

Transferring Bank charges in respect of transfers including commissions, fees, costs or expenses are payable by the First Beneficiary, unless otherwise agreed. If the Transferring Bank agrees to transfer the Credit it shall be under no obligation to effect the transfer until such charges are paid.

g.

Unless otherwise stated in the Credit, a transferable Credit can be transferred once only. Consequently, the Credit cannot be transferred at the request of the Second Beneficiary to any subsequent Third Beneficiary. For the purpose of this Article, a retransfer to the First Beneficiary does not constitute a prohibited transfer.
.
Fractions of a transferable Credit (not exceeding in the aggregate the amount of the Credit) can be transferred separately, provided partial shipments/drawings are not prohibited, and the aggregate of such transfers will be considered as constituting only one transfer of the Credit.

h.

The Credit can be transferred only on the terms and conditions specified in the original Credit, with the exception of:

 

::

the amount of the Credit,
  :: any unit price stated therein,
  :: the expiry date,
  :: the last date for presentation of documents in accordance with Article 43,
  :: the period for shipment.
 

any or all of which may be reduced or curtailed.
.
The percentage for which insurance cover must be effected may be increased in such a way as to provide the amount of cover stipulated in the original Credit, or these Articles.
.
In addition, the name of the First Beneficiary can be substituted for that of the Applicant, but if the name of the Applicant is specifically required by the original Credit to appear in any document(s) other than the invoice, such requirement must be fulfilled.

i.

The First Beneficiary has the right to substitute his own invoice(s) (and Draft(s)) for those of the Second Beneficiary (ies), for amounts not in excess of the original amount stipulated in the Credit and for the original unit prices if stipulated in the Credit, and upon such substitution of invoice(s) (and Draft(s)) the First Beneficiary can draw under the Credit for the difference, if any, between his invoice(s) and the Second Beneficiary’s(ies) invoice(s).
.
When a Credit has been transferred and the First Beneficiary is to supply his own invoice(s) (and Draft(s)) in exchange for the Second Beneficiary’s(ies’) invoice(s) (and Draft(s)) but fails to do so on first demand, the Transferring Bank has the right to deliver to the Issuing Bank the documents received under the transferred Credit, including the Second Beneficiary’s(ies) invoice(s) (and Draft(s)) without further responsibility to the First Beneficiary.

j.

The First Beneficiary may request that payment or negotiation be effected to the Second Beneficiary(ies) at the place to which the Credit has been transferred up to and including the expiry date of the Credit, unless the original Credit expressly states that it may not be made available for payment or negotiation at a place other than that stipulated in the Credit. This is without prejudice to the First Beneficiary’s right to substitute subsequently his own invoice(s) (and Draft(s)) for those of the Second Beneficiary(ies) and to claim any difference due to him.

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G. Assignment of Proceeds

Article 49: Assignment of Proceeds
.
The fact that a Credit is not stated to be transferable shall not affect the Beneficiary’s right to assign any proceeds to which he may be, or may become, entitled under such Credit, in accordance with the provisions of the applicable law. This Article relates only to the assignment of proceeds and not to the assignment of the right to perform under the Credit itself.

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